Adaptations, Accommodations, Modifications, and Instructional Supports

    • For many students with disabilities, learning success is predicated on having appropriate adaptations, accommodations and modifications made to classroom instruction and other learning activities.


    Sometimes a student may need to have changes made in class work or routines because of his or her disability. Some adaptations are as simple as moving a distractible student to the front of the class or away from the pencil sharpener or the window.

    An accommodation is a change that helps a student overcome or work around the disability. These changes are typically physical or environmental changes. Allowing a student who has trouble writing to give his answers orally is an example of an accommodation. This sort of accommodation extends across assignments and content areas.

    Modifications may involve changing the way that material is presented or the way that students respond to show their learning.

    Adaptations, accommodations, and modifications need to be individualized for students, based upon their needs and their personal learning styles and interests. It is not always obvious what adaptations, accommodations, or modifications would be beneficial for a particular student, or how changes to the curriculum, its presentation, the classroom setting, or student evaluation might be made.


    Accommodations and Modifications


    Instructional Supports/Adaptations


    Outside Resources