The purpose of Title I is to meet the educational needs of children from low-income households and the needs of children in local institutions for neglected or delinquent children. Participants include students who are at-risk of failing, disabled, and in private schools.
The Elementary & Secondary Education Act (§1113) requires that Districts annually rank and serve schools, not students. In doing so, there are two types of school programs that may be implemented: Title I Schoolwide Program (SWP) and Title I Targeted Assistance (TAS). These two models reinforce the concept that resources are allocated to schools, not students.
Schools receiving these supplemental funds are required to provide services that raise the academic achievement levels of K through 12 participants in basic and advanced skills. Additional support may be provided through professional development and health and guidance services. Parents of children being served have the opportunity to participate in the design and implementation of the program through activities such as developing parental involvement policies and compacts; parent-teacher conferences; parent training and literacy; participating as classroom volunteers, tutors, aides, etc.The program receives federal funding from the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) and No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
On August 5th, 2013, Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan, approved the No Child Left Behind Waiver Act of 2001 for the California Office to Reform Education (CORE) Districts which includes the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). The approval of the waiver allows the District to immediately implement an alternative accountability system. This new accountability system will give participating districts more flexibility and accountability in how they measure student performance and raise academic performance at the district level. It should be noted, that the waiver will not relieve the District of the obligation to identify schools for improvement, corrective action, or restructuring. It will however relieve districts and schools of the obligation to take required actions associated with those identifications. This is the first time the United States Department of Education has granted a waiver to a group of districts.
The six districts participating in the CORE waiver include Fresno, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, San Francisco, and Santa Ana Unified School District. Altogether, the districts represent over one million students.