Definition of Adapted Physical Education

  • All students, unless excused or exempted under terms specified in the California Education Code (section 51241), are required to have an appropriate physical education program.
     
    Adapted Physical Education as defined in 5 CCR Sec. 3051.5 (a) Adapted physical education is for individuals with exceptional needs who require development or corrective instruction and who are precluded from participation in the activities of the general physical education program, modified general physical education program, or in a specially designed physical education program in a special class. Consultative services may be provided to pupils, parents, teachers, or other school personnel for the purpose of identifying supplementary aides and services of modifications necessary for successful participation in the regular physical education program or specially designed physical education programs.
     
    General Physical Education is the District's adopted curriculum for physical education. It includes the full spectrum of game, sport, fitness, and movement activities. No adaptations or modifications are required for safe and successful participation. Physical Education Model Content Standards for California Public Schools define the kindergarten through eighth grade five overarching model content standards are as follows:
    1. Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
    2. Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
    3. Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.
    4. Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.
    5. Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
    The Physical Education Model Content Standards for California Public Schools define the high school three overarching model content standards are as follows:
    1. Students demonstrate knowledge of and competency in motor skills, movement patterns, and strategies needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
    2. Students achieve a level of physical fitness for health and performance while demonstrating knowledge of fitness concepts, principles, and strategies.
    3. Students demonstrate knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
    These classes are designed for all students who are able to benefit from participation. This is the least restrictive placement for individuals with special needs.
     
    Modified physical education is participation within a general physical education program with modifications such as:
    • modifying activities through rule changes to equalize competition
    • permitting the substitution or interchange of game and/or activity duties by analyzing and assigning positions in games in accordance with the abilities of the student
    • modifying facilities by limiting play area when movement capabilities are restricted
    • modifying equipment used as to size and weight to vary speed and performance standards
    • allow for variable time scheduling: (1) to provide extra time, (2) to allow students to rest
    Specially Designed Physical Education is the physical education curriculum that is designed for the students who cannot benefit from the general physical education program and are placed in a class whereby modifications are made for the entire class. Modifications mentioned above (1-5) can be used as guidelines.
     
    The learning environments described above are the initial placements for students where accommodations and modifications have been implemented and monitored. If it is determined that the students cannot safely and successfully benefit from the general physical education curriculum, a student may be considered for placement in Adapted Physical education.